How to Make Wooden Stairs

How to Make a Cheap and Simple Wooden Staircase?

You have come to the right place if you want to learn how to build a cheap wooden staircase. Discover two easy models to create at home in this post. Find out what kinds of staircase models there are in the following article, and discover how to build a straightforward, affordable wooden staircase on your own.

Most Common Types of Stairs

You can use a wide range of wooden stair designs in your home. Although there is a huge variety of materials, it is crucial to understand each one in order to determine which is ideal for you. Meet at the bottom of both contemporary and traditional wooden stairs:

  • Spiral stairs: When there is little room, spiral steps are a great way to connect with a high floor. They typically measure 1.80 inches in diameter, which is considerably less than the area occupied by other staircases. They can easily be manufactured of wood and are also quite appealing.
  • The imperial staircase has a first straight portion that is followed by a pause and two return sections that run counterclockwise to the first.
  • A round-trip staircase consists of a first segment, a landing, and the second set of straight stairs that go in the opposite direction as the first.
  • A rectangular staircase with three sections that are either U-shaped or L-shaped. The L-shaped staircase is made up of a first portion that is immediately followed by a second straight section that is positioned transverse to the first section after landing.
  • A compensated staircase is one without breaks in the middle that mixes straight and curved sections.
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How to Make a Wooden Staircase Step by Step

How to Make Wooden Stairs

Now that you are familiar with the most popular wooden staircase designs, allow me to share with you two straightforward, inexpensive wooden models that you can build yourself and use for a workspace, a mezzanine, or a loft.

Learn everything you can about stair design, and then inspire yourself to build them.

Straight Work Ladder

Learn below how to build a straight wooden ladder that will be useful for work, home repairs, and other purposes.


  • Jigsaw or circular saw
  • Wood sheet
  • Jaw
  • Milling machine
  • grooving cutter
  • disc for wood
  • Drill
  • Drill bits
  • sander
  • stirrers
  • pine wood beam
  • wood for stairs
  • beech top
  • lag screws
  • Tacos
  • Varnish
  • Tail


  • Figure out the measurements. Determine the ladder’s height and width.
  • To be able to translate the angle of the stairs to the beams that will go on both sides of the stairs, calculate the angle of the steps. Use the jigsaw at an angle to cut.
  • Make a pencil mark where the rungs should go. It’s crucial to consider the distance between the steps and their breadth. Depending on the type of wood you bought (25mm thick is recommended).
  • Make the indentations to match the steps, then reduce the markings you previously produced with the router.
  • To get a nice finish, sand the components. Run the router through the edges before cutting.
  • With the circular saw, mark the edges and cut.
  • With the router, drill the holes in the beams.
  • Sand the cracks down and fill them with wood glue. For a longer lifespan, the glue must be of high quality.
  • To increase resistance, position the steps and secure them with lag screws along with the tail.
  • Add the glued wood dowels, then proceed with the other beam in the same way.
  • To attain a professional polish, sand the entire set while alternating between different grades of sandpaper.
  • Put the varnish on. It may have color or not.
  • Use lag screws to secure the ladder to the wall.
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Staircase for Second Floor

Here is a straightforward concept that you may use if you need to build a ladder to reach another floor or have a mezzanine or loft. Find out how to quickly construct a wooden mezzanine staircase.


  • Keyhole saw.
  • Cutting blade for wood.
  • gags.
  • Milling machine.
  • 16 mm diameter flute cutter.
  • Circular saw.
  • Disc for cutting wood.
  • Driver drill.
  • 16mm diameter spade drill.
  • Screwdriver bit PZ 2.
  • orbital sander
  • Fine grit sandpaper.
  • 6mm diameter wood drill bit.
  • 8mm diameter widia drill bit.


  • Pinewood beam 16×10 cm.
  • 26 mm thick beech top.
  • 5×100 mm lag screws.
  • 15 mm diameter wooden dowel.
  • 8mm diameter expansion plugs.
  • 6x140mm lag screws.
  • Wood glue.
  • Colorless varnish.


  • Determine how much space our ladder will require. For this, a wire will be installed that runs from the mezzanine’s entrance to the ground.
  • We have already cut out some boards after marking the angles on them, and we will transport the templates directly onto the beams.
  • Cut off the head, base, and tip to get the two stringers.
  • Mark the locations where each step will be placed.
  • Create some recesses of the step thickness using a milling machine.
  • Using the circular saw, cut the rungs.
  • Use a drill and a milling bit to create holes on the stringers’ exterior faces, then attach the pieces.
  • One of the stringers’ recesses has grooves that need to be sanded and glue applied.
  • By inserting lag screws through the side holes, you may secure the stairs in place.
  • Apply white glue to the wooden dowel before inserting it and the other crossbar.
  • The entire staircase should be sanded, especially the corners.
  • Varnish the wood evenly, going with the grain.
  • Using the lag screws, fasten the ladder to the wall.