Growing fruit trees in containers successfully is possible as long as we keep a few simple tips in mind.
If we do not have space to plant them directly on the ground, we must choose a container large enough, at least 50 liters, so that these trees can grow properly.
Almost all fruit trees need a sunny and airy display.
Since the growth of its roots limits to a container, it is essential to apply fertilizers rich in potassium. You can check the recipe for a homemade fertilizer: “Banana tea for flowers and fruits. “
The irrigation frequency has to be more frequent than that of a fruit tree planted in the garden or orchard, needing in summer an irrigation every 2 days or even daily if it is very hot.
Plastic, metal, or concrete containers can be very hot on the roots. On the contrary, those made of clay are cooler, although they can generate fungi if they are overwatered and do not drain well.
Types of Containers
A fruit tree planted in a container can grow to about 2 meters tall. Therefore, we must provide that the container is large enough to contain an adequate amount of substrate for the optimal development of its roots.
It is essential to know how to select the container to guarantee the success of fruit tree cultivation. In a specialized store, you can find a wide variety of containers ideal for planting your fruit tree.
Containers of Various Materials
Today, there is a wide variety of materials from which containers are made.
These can be made of: Clay, Bamboo, Cement, Ceramic, Coconut Fiber, Fiberglass, Macrame, Wood, Metal, Wicker, Plastic, Stone, Rattan, Fabric, Terracotta, etc.
Some of these materials are used as a decorative container holder, as is the case with fabric, bamboo, wicker containers, and inside, they contain another container with the substrate.
When deciding what type of material is suitable for our tree, we must consider certain factors.
A plastic container can be more durable but less root-cool than one made of terracotta, clay, or wood.
Another point to consider is the decoration since a stone, cement, or metal flowerpot combines exquisitely with a minimalist and modern environment. Meanwhile, a wooden pot provides a warmer and more welcoming feeling to a domain. That choice will depend on the style of the room where the fruit tree will locate.
Containers on Wheels
It is beneficial to place a base with wheels under the container since it gives us the convenience of moving and changing the plant or the location tree.
Considering that there are fruit trees that do not tolerate winter frosts, this mobile base is an efficient solution to move them from the outside garden to another more protected place in our house.
Containers with Self Watering System
A great success is to use containers with a self-watering system. With them, you can forget about having to water your fruit tree frequently. In addition, it is convenient to go on a trip or vacation with the peace of mind of knowing that your tree will have water during your absence. On the other hand, the plant self-manages its irrigation, absorbing the exact amount of water it needs.
Components of Self Watering Containers
- Water level display: Indicates if there is enough water for irrigation Irrigation.
- Tube: To add the water.
- Absorption tubes or cotton strip: Absorbs the water to transport it to the roots.
- Float: Separates the absorption tubes and the water reserve
- Water reserve: Amount of water that is placed in the container.
- Anti-overflow cap: Prevents overflowing of water at the bottom of the container. If the container locates outside, we should remove the cover to avoid accumulating water in the rainy house.
Types of Fruit Trees in Containers
Almost all fruit trees can be grown in containers, but we must consider that some need more than one specimen for pollination, as happens, for example, with kiwis or pistachios.
The most accessible fruit trees to care for in containers are lemon, orange, mandarin, apple, fig, olive, plum, peach, pomegranate, Paraguayan, nectarine, etc.
There are varieties that insects and others pollinate by the wind. If your tree has few or even no fruits, it is due to a problem with pollination.
In the nursery, they will advise you regarding the needs of the trees you purchase in your area. Since there are several points to consider: there are self-fertile specimens that do not need another tree for pollination, others need a fruit tree of another variety to pollinate, that the blooms occur at the same time, etc.
And when it comes to organizing the space and your budget, you should consider that you will need to buy more than one specimen to ensure pollination in some cases.